Editors: Christian Hoffmann, Jürgen K. Rockstroh, Bernd Sebastian Kamps
Publisher: Flying Publisher, 2007
The first reports of homosexual patients suffering from previously rare diseases such as pneumocystis pneumonia and Kaposis sarcoma were published in May 1981 (Centers for Disease Control 1981a, 1981b, 1981c).
It soon became clear that the new disease affected other population groups as well, when the first cases were reported in injecting drug users. However, it took almost two years until, in 1983, the human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1) was defined as the primary cause of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (Barrй-Sinoussi 1983, Broder 1984, Gallo 1984).
Almost 25 years have now elapsed. Twenty-five years, in which HIV infection has changed from a fatal condition to a manageable chronic illness. Twenty-five years, in which the development of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been one of the dramatic advances in the history of medicine. However, for the vast majority of people living with HIV/AIDS, ART is still light years away largely inaccessible in resource-poor countries where HIV continues to devastate families, communities and societies, especially the poor and the socially marginalized.
In the following 800 pages, we present a comprehensive overview of the treatment of HIV infection and its complications. As in previous years, all chapters have been thoroughly revised, and most parts of the book were available on the Internet (www.HIVMedicine.com) months before they were printed here. The philosophy that governs the publication of HIV Medicine 2006 has been published at www.freemedicalinformation.com. We firmly believe that that is the way medical textbooks should be handled in the 21st century.
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